The amazing events that led to the invention of the aircraft
The invention of the aircraft changed the way we travel and also travel very comfortably. Airplanes have given us the opportunity to explore different parts of the world. In the face of emergency situations such as flooding, it became easier. Airplanes are also an important part of the defense services. The aircraft we see today can be classified into two types: aircraft and rotary winds. In the 18th century hot air balloons were developed for the flight. In 1783 the Montgolfier brothers built a hot air balloon for the first time. The lack of thrust needed to supply the aircraft and the lack of navigation tools were the main problems associated with hot air balloons. However, this did not stop people from working in the field of aircraft development, and finally, the plane was invented.
Who invented the airplane?
The Wright brothers from the USA invented the first aircraft. Wilbur and Orville, the Wright brothers were born on April 16, 1867 and on August 19, 1871. They have not continued their education after high school and instead decided to open a bicycle repair shop. They have investigated the experiments and investigations in the field of aircraft development. Their interest and passion for airplanes led to the development of the first heavier aircraft.
First plane to fly
The Wright brothers, Wilbur and Orville, began in 1899 with the idea of building airplanes. On 17 December 1903 finally succeeded to fly the first airplane. It was a historic day when many attempts to make an airplane had earlier met with failure.
The period between 1799 and 1809 was important from the point of view of aircraft development. The basic concepts of aerodynamics were laid by Sir George Cayley, an English baronet. He introduced the idea of oblique planes that were supposed to have rigid wings (for lift) and a separate drive mechanism (for thrust). The basic idea of developing these aircraft was to create a flat surface to create the necessary lift to fly.
The work of Otto Lilienthal, a German aviation engineer, proved to be an inspiration for the Wright Brothers. The sailplanes built by Lilienthal completed many successful flights. However, they lacked a control system fuel-power system. During these flights, Lilienthal had to swing his upper body to guide the glider in a certain direction. Lilienthal died in 1896 in a glider crash. Wright Brothers took the study of flight and aircraft seriously after this tragic incident.
Hiram Stevens’s Maxim’s Flying Machine
The Hiram Maxim built aircraft had a span of 34 m and a total length of 44 m. Two combined 360 hp steam engines were used to supply this engine. With all the bulky parts that were integrated into the design, this flying machine weighed about 3.5 tonnes. The tests performed on this machine showed that it was aerodynamically unstable and could not be properly controlled. This led Maxim to abandon his attempts to make the flying machine.
First aircraft invented
Wilbur and Orville Wright were trying to cross the boundaries of Mr. Lilienthal’s kite pilots. They also used the concept of inclined aircraft in their first aircraft. They fitted the aircraft with a 12 hp gasoline engine and two propellers. The aircraft they had developed was a double decker with two main wings positioned one above the other. The two wings helped provide a greater boost to the aircraft. Finally, on December 17, 1903, the first flight of her plane took place at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina in the USA; It took 59 seconds. It reached an altitude of 120 feet, the plane covered a distance of 852 feet. On this day, four flights were awarded. Of these four, the above flight was the best. Kitty Hawk was chosen for the flight because of the windy weather and sandhills – which would have been a pillow in the event of a crash.
The Wings Warping method was used by Wright Brothers in their first flight. In the wing-warping technique, the wing tips are slightly arched. It facilitates the rolling movement of aircraft and also helps to keep the balance. The aircraft developed by Wright Brothers had a three-axis control. It turned on three different axes and in three movements as follows.
Pitch: This movement of the aircraft helps to raise and lower the nose.
Role: The rotation takes place on the longest axis of the plane in this movement.
Yaw: In this movement of the aircraft, the horizontal axis is rotated.
The rudder at the rear of the aircraft served the purpose of navigation. Today’s modern aircraft also follow these foundations set by the Wright brothers.
In the 19th century an important work took place in the area of aircraft development. However, there was much interest in the airplanes of Leonardo da Vinci. Before the fundamentals of aerodynamics were discovered, aircraft enthusiasts followed the Ornithopter tradition. An ornithopter is a machine that uses the wing mechanism of the wings of the birds. It only works in the development of small flying machines. However, the lifting and driving of a larger aircraft is not possible with this technique. Although the aircraft was invented in 1903, it was only popular after the government of America used it for the air mail service. Subsequently, aircraft gained popularity and were used for many different purposes.
Today’s aircraft are technologically advanced and have a sophisticated design. The recently launched ‘Airbus 380’ is the largest passenger aircraft. It has the capacity to carry 853 passengers and drive at a speed of 900 km / h. The Antonov An-225 Mriya is the heaviest aircraft in the world. From the invention of the airplane in 1903 to the development of space ships of today, the air transport sector has changed to a sea. The credit goes, of course, to the outsiders, the Wright brothers. This incredible journey of aircraft development pays a tribute to the great Confucius, who rightly said: A journey of a thousand miles, begins with a single step.